How to Get Rid of Snakes
Given that it’s difficult for homeowners to easily identify venomous from non-venomous snakes, it’s better to call for professional pest control when you encounter a snake near your home. Let’s first speak to the most common non-venomous species
Most of these are harmless, but some have a mild venom which cannot harm humans. Garter snakes will stay near water sources and are most often seen near marshes, gardens, and meadows. This species also has a sense of timing, being the first to emerge from brumation (a slowing of metabolism during winter) and the first to mate. The garter snake will move about during daytime to scout for prey such as frog, fish, salamanders, and even birds.
While non-venomous, these snakes are easily mistaken for the poisonous water moccasin (or cottonmouth). As the name implies, you’ll find it near a body of water – a favorite location from which to feed on fish, frogs, toads, and salamanders. This species is characterized by its narrower, rounder head and a slender body. Unfortunately, water snakes will act aggressively when approached.
Looks are deceiving with gopher snakes since they appear menacing and even resemble rattlesnakes – but are actually non-venomous. Yet their loud hiss and vibrating tail makes them even harder to tell apart from a rattlesnake. Fortunately, their favorite homesites are not densely populated with humans. Gopher snakes live in forests, desert areas, prairies, rocky bluffs, and thickets. Their name comes from their taste for gophers (their preferred prey), though they also eat foxes and coyotes.
Common Venomous Snakes
Each species below is a member of the pit viper family, meaning these snakes have heat-sensing pits between the eye and nostril on each side of the head. These pits are used to sense changes in temperature, which typically leads to prey. All pit vipers are also notable for their triangular heads, thick bodies, and ridge-like scales. Again, it’s best to call for pest control if you find one on your property.
What Are Snakebites?
A snakebite is an injury that happens when you’re bitten by a snake. A snakebite can be dangerous if a snake is venomous
How snakes bite
Snakes that have venom have modified salivary glands. Venom is a form of saliva and probably evolved to help the reptile digest food. Some venom is more toxic than others and can be useful in killing prey.
During envenomation (the bite that injects venom or poison), the venom passes from the venom gland through a duct into the snake’s fangs, and finally into its prey. Snake venom is made up of substances that have different effects.
In simple terms, these proteins can be divided into 4 categories:
Cytotoxins cause local tissue damage.
Hemotoxins cause internal bleeding.
Neurotoxins affect the nervous system.
Cardiotoxins act directly on the heart.
Who Is at Risk for Snakebites?
It has been estimated that up to 1.8 million snakebites occur worldwide each year, causing 20,000 to 94,000 deaths. Snakebites are more common in tropical regions and in areas that are mostly agricultural. In these areas, large numbers of people coexist with numerous snakes.
How to Get Rid of Snakes
There’s nothing quite as upsetting as finding snakes on your property. Although these creatures are often very beneficial to the habitat they find themselves in, most everyone has a natural aversion to serpents.
However, as with many things we see in movies and on television, the danger from snakes is largely overblown. The benefits they provide often outweigh the downsides of having them around.
That said, it’s often a situation where a snake is in the garden or even in the house. In which case removing the snake is always going to be the best option available to you!
You may be tempted to try killing the snake. But unless it’s definitely a poisonous viper you have no reason to try killing it. In fact even a poisonous snake will prefer to run rather than fight
It’s an important statistic that most bites occur when people are trying to attack or kill the snake, instead of letting it go it’s own way and then sealing up their house and property behind it.
Snakes looking for a cool spot during heat of the day
Like humans this time of year, just about all God’s critters are looking for some shade, even those that give a good many people the shivers. Despite being cold-blooded animals, snakes don’t like to get too hot in the summertime, and you may find a variety of reptiles seeking shelter from the hot summer sun.
It’s so hot. It’s so wet. It’s so dry. Some people say they haven’t seen a snake in X number of years, but there’s got to be snakes around. By some coincidence they see a couple in a short amount of time. Because they hadn’t seen any in a long time, they think they are suddenly overrun with snakes. But they’re really not.
“If you have a healthy environment, you’re going to have snakes. That’s the way it is. If you have a field next to you and they’re doing construction work or something, they may run a few snakes onto your property. That might be the phenomenon that accounts for you seeing a couple of snakes.”
“Some people still don’t realize that any snake that lives around water is not a cottonmouth,” he said. “There are many more snakes that live in and amongst the water other than a cottonmouth.”
The venomous species include the pit vipers: cottonmouth, copperhead and the three rattlesnakes — eastern diamondback, timber and pygmy. The sixth venomous snake is the extremely rare coral snake.
Snake Control: How To Get Rid of Snakes
If you think that the snake you’re dealing with might be venomous, you should call an animal control specialist without hesitation. Even if you think it might not be venomous, it’s always preferable to call for professional help. Animal control will easily trap and remove the snake from your premises.
Snakes are among the most startling discoveries to encounter in your home or place of business. They are especially a problem when the snake is aggressive and carries venom.
Snakes are distinctive and very recognizable to people due to their unique traits. They can vary greatly in color from black, to red, green, many other colorful patterns in between. Some species of snakes are extremely dangerous and their bites could prove fatal to humans. In the United States alone there are 4 types of venomous snakes that can cause serious injury or can prove fatal to humans. These snakes are Rattlesnakes, Copperheads, Cottonmouths, and Coral Snakes.
While most species of snake prefer habitats out in the wild, they can venture upon residential areas when looking for food. If your yard has lots of yard debris, logs, rocks, woodpiles, and harborage areas where they can hide, snakes will likely visit your lawn. This is even more likely if you have moisture in your backyard, or parts that don’t drain well as this will attract frogs, lizards, birds, and other small animals which snakes can feed on.
Identification is extremely important to apply control. Before you can treat you need to make sure you’re dealing with non-venomous snakes or a possibly venomous snake. Since their appearance is widely known we’ll describe the common characteristics of the four types of snakes that are venomous in the United States.
Rattlesnakes may have different coloring or patterns, but they are easily identifiable by their rattles or tails which they shake when they feel threatened. The peculiar trait of having rattles for tails is what makes these snakes unique.
Copperhead snakes can vary in color from reddish to golden tan. The can be identified by the patterns on their body which is usually hourglass-shaped. They usually measure from 18 to 36 inches in length.
The Cottonmouth or Water Moccasin is long nearly 50 to 55 inches long. Their color could vary from dark tan to brown to black. The shapes in their body will often be vague or faded but usually look like crossbands. They are most frequently found on near or inside water.
Coral snakes are relatively thin and are about 24 inches long (or 2 feet). They are often confused with nonvenomous King Snakes, which have the same coloring or pattern. To tell apart a Coral Snake from a King Snake, look at the patterns. If the red bands are touching the yellow bands, then is it venomous Coral Snake. They are most commonly found underneath leaf piles, logs, rocks, and under the ground.
There are also a number of black snakes such as the Black Swampsnake, Black Rat Snake, the ring-necked snake, Black Pinesnake, Eastern Indigo Snake and the Southern Black Racer. These snakes vary slightly in appearance but are mainly colored black.