Supply Checklist: Everything You Need to Paint a Room
I’ve painted many rooms in my day (I’m a little bit of a painting junkie), and like so many other things, once you get the hang of the process it’s really quite fun. Throw on some old clothes, kick out the jams, and after a few hours of good old physical labor, you’ll have a wonderfully transformed space.
I’ve found that getting my supplies in order makes a big difference when the time comes to start painting. Having all prep and paint supplies at the ready cuts down on frustration and helps the process move along more quickly. If you’re getting ready to start your own painting project, here’s a supply checklist that should cover everything you’ll need.
Before getting to the fun part, it’s important to spend a few hours prepping your walls; patching holes, cleaning, and sanding are all important to achieving the best result.
• Spackle & spatula – Use to patch any holes.
• Metal paint scraper – Use to scrape off any peeling or cracking paint (if necessary) before sanding.
• Fine grit sand paper – Use to even out rough texture and smooth down any bumps.
• Mild soap & water solution – Use to clean any dirt or grease off walls before priming.
• Painter’s tape – Use to tape off borders so paint doesn’t bleed into areas you are not painting; also use painter’s tape to cover hardware and outlets. I really like Frog Tape, which I’ve found to work great to achieve clean edges.
• Canvas tarp or plastic drop cloth – Use to protect floors and furniture (if furniture cannot be moved out of the general painting area). I’ve even used old newspapers in a pinch, but wouldn’t recommend if painting in a carpeted area.
• Angled paint brush – Use to paint corners. Angled brushes help achieve clean edges without paint bleed, which can be tricky in corners if using a regular flat brush.
• 3-inch flat paint brush – Use for “cutting in”, which is the process of painting the border around the taped-off area.
• Paint roller frame & roller covers – Use a roller for the majority of painting, since it’s a much faster method than a brush. If you’re painting a large room or a room with high ceilings, I would recommend using a painter’s pole, which you attach your roller to for extended reach.
* Note about roller covers: Make sure to choose an appropriate roller cover for your project. All covers are not made the same, as some are designed for smooth wall surfaces, others for stucco or brick, and yet others are designed for extra smooth surfaces like metal.
• Paint tray – Use to hold smaller portions of paint as you work. Also useful to avoid dipping brushes directly into paint cans, which can contaminate paint with dust and dirt.
Tips for Patching Drywall
Before you paint a wall you have to prepare the surface, which inevitably involves patching. It’s one of the most important steps. But sometimes it takes more than just a can of spackling and a small putty knife to get good results. Here are some wall patching tips and products that will help you speed up the job, avoid problems and end up with a flawless wall.
Use Self-Priming Filler
Patches made with traditional patching materials need to be primed with a sealing-type primer before painting. Otherwise the patched areas could show through the finished paint job as foggy spots. But if you patch with a self-priming patching material, you can avoid this extra step. There are several brands; just look for the words ‘self-priming’ or ‘with primer’ on the container.
Use Setting Compound for Big Holes
It’s fine to fill screw holes and other small wall dings with patching compound, but for dime-size and larger drywall repairs, and for holes that are deep, it’s best to use a joint compound that sets up by a chemical reaction. These are available in powder form with setting times ranging from five to 90 minutes. The reaction starts when you mix in the water, and the compound hardens in the specified time. The five-minute version is nice because you can buy the powder in a convenient 5-lb. box, and the compound hardens quickly, so you can apply another coat right away. Remember, setting-type compounds are harder to sand than regular patching materials, so make sure to strike them off flush to the surface when you fill the hole. You’ll find setting-type compounds wherever drywall taping supplies are sold.
Make a Dent for the Patching Compound
When you remove a nail, drywall anchor or picture hanger, there is usually a little ridge of old paint or drywall sticking out that’s hard to cover with patching material. The solution is to make a dent over the hole, and then fill the dent. Most good-quality putty knives have a rounded hard plastic or brass end on the handle that works perfectly for making the dent. The rounded end of a screwdriver handle or the handle of a utility knife will also work. Press the handle against the hole and twist it slightly while applying pressure to dent the surface, or if you have good aim, use your denting tool like a hammer.
Cover Cracks with Repair Spray
Stress cracks usually show up around window and door openings. The cracks are the result of framing movement and are hard to fix permanently. But using spray-on crack repair is a good way to at least extend the life of your repair. The spray forms a flexible membrane over the crack that can stretch and relax as the building moves.
How To Repair Damaged Drywall?
You can face a lot of anxiety and challenges when repairing damaged drywall, whether it was caused by condensation from your central air conditioning, a leaky roof, or flooding, especially if this is your first time doing such. The walls and ceilings in your home are expected to be strong and solid, and making a hole into any of them should be a difficult task.
This is not actually the actual case. Although there are some preparatory works required in the process, however, you can practically make the damage disappear with a little care and patience.
Drywall is hard but not beyond destruction. With time, you can see unattractive cracks or holes on gypsum-board walls. The good news is, repair of drywall is relatively easy, but it requires an art. You will find the things to do and not do when repairing damaged drywall to make it invincible to homebuyers, landlords, or visitors.
What is Drywall?
Drywall is mainly a gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate) panel placed between two types of paper: one has a light-color face, and the other has a darker back. It first became popular in the United States of America in 1916 when the Gypsum Corporation in the country produced a product names “Sheetrock” aimed to be a non-warping, non-burning wall surface masking. Because the wall was widely accepted, even though it doesn’t require a wooden lathe, it was tagged as the poor man’s replacement for plaster walls.
Drying time will be required between many of the steps discussed, so you should know this repair task may require you to work for a few days. Applying thin coats and doing it step by step without rushing will give you an expert-level outcome
Tips for Flawless Drywall Repairs
Drywall may be among the most common interior construction materials, but it’s far from indestructible. Indeed, most homeowners and business owners will experience dents, dings, and holes in their drywall at some point.
Gather the Materials You’ll Need
Before you can fix your drywall, you need the right materials on hand. While not all drywall repair jobs will require everything listed below, these items cover just about any type of repair job you might encounter. You’ll want:
Joint compound/spackling paste/putty
Sandpaper (various grits)
Drywall Patch Kit
Extra Drywall Material
Paint (and roller pan)
Inspect the Damage
The exact materials you’ll need, and how you use them, will depend on the type and severity of damage done to your drywall. For instance, a minor puncture that’s just a couple inches or smaller in diameter can be easily fixed by filling it with quick-drying spackle, sanding it smooth once dry, and painting over the repair.
Push in Protrusions
Drywall damage doesn’t only include punctures and holes. In some cases, a small portion of the drywall might stick out after a fastener, nail, or picture frame hanger is removed from the surface. When this happens, you’ll actually want to make a dent of your own directly over the protrusion so you can fill it with joint compound and smooth it over. Just like that, the blemish will vanish.
Spray Over Those Stress Cracks
As the ground beneath us slowly shifts, fine cracks may appear in your drywall. These fractures can easily be fixed by coating them with a spray-on crack repair solution. This will cover up the lines and give the wall some flexibility to prevent further fracturing.
Drywall Repair: How to Repair Drywall
Clean hole with blade knife. Cut at an angle so the exterior of the hole is bigger than the interior.
Fill the hole with painter’s putty. Make it level with the wall surface.
Let it dry. Once dry, lightly sand the area until smooth.
Spackle over the putty. You may need to repeat this step.
For medium holes, use a drywall metal patch.
Sand the surface smooth around the hole.
Wipe off dust.
Peel paper backing off the patch. Firmly press patch in place with mesh facing outward.
Spread drywall compound over the patch, feathering out the edges. Smooth out and let dry
Gently sand surface until smooth with the wall. Repeat step 9 and 10 until the patch can no longer be detected.
Larger holes need patches made of drywall. Make sure it is the same thickness as the drywall already present.
Cut a square of drywall slightly larger than the hole. Score one side with a blade knife and snap it apart. Cut the back of the break line.
Draw an outline of the patch around the hole using a pencil.
Check for electrical cords and plumbing lines where you plan the cut.
Use a drywall saw to cut out the drawn area.
Screw in two wooden boards behind the drywall, one at the top and one at the bottom of the hole. This will keep the patch from falling through.
Screw the drywall patch to the wooden boards.
Spread drywall compound and add mesh.
Sand area and repeat steps 18 and 19 until the patch is undetectable.
Paint over once it’s dry.